Papers Proceedings »
Distribution and potential timber uses of four Oak species in Jalisco, Mexico
Mexico is the second center of diversity from the genus Quercus in the world, presenting 161 species of which 37 of them are present in the state of Jalisco. Despite the great ecological role of Oaks in forest ecosystems it´s timber represents only 9% of the total exploitation nation wide and this data includes the use of timber for pulp and paper, therefore there is no data about how much Oak wood is used in the country. Both in Europe and in the rest of the countries in North America, Oak wood is highly appreciated for its technological properties and there are reports of its use in; construction, carpentry, crafts, furniture, wooden floors, etc. There is a need from more studies about the wood properties and potential uses of Mexican Oaks and to divulgate to the owners of forest land as well as foresters the possible new approaches to exploit this species and generate better incomes compared to traditional exploitation.
The goal of this work was to analyze the distribution of four species with reported potential for timber exploitation in the state of Jalisco: Q. castanea, Q. crassifolia, Q. magnoliifolia and Q. obstusata. For this study four different sources of information were analyzed: bibliography, research articles form the Institute of Botany from the University of Guadalajara, the National Forest Inventory and the Units of Forest Management (UMAFOR). As a result different maps were generated using Geographic Information Systems with the area of distribution of the four species. The analysis of this maps revealed that Q. castanea and Q. magnoliifolia have the most potential due to their wide distribution in land classified as high productivity by the National System of Forest Information.